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《生活英语听说》学习笔记(完整版)之一
2017-09-12 15:43:42

                                           UNIT 1 YOU SAY, I SAY

1.polite

adj. 貌的,客的;文雅的;上流的;雅的

英英解

adj. having or showing that one has good manners and consideration for other people

义词 civilgentlecultured

义词impoliterudeuncivil

Examples

I’m afraid I wasn’t very polite to her.

恐怕那对她有点不貌。

 It is not polite to stare at others.

人看是一貌的行

But one thing I do admire is the polite manner in which British people eat, even if it is just a potato.

但是我非常佩服的是英人吃止,仅仅是一土豆,他吃得斯斯文文。

2.rude

adj. 的;无的;狂暴的;未化的

义词 ill-bredill-mannerednaturaluncivil

义词 civilpolite

英英解

adj. impolite;showing no respect or consideration

Examples

It’s rude not to say thank you when you are given something.

给你东西的候,说谢谢是不貌的。

He has got no manners. He is rude to everyone.

人很无理。他对谁都很粗

It is rude to quarrel with your parents!

和父母亲争吵是一件粗的事情!

3. status

英汉解释

n. 地位;状态;情形;重要身分

同义词

n. conditionposition

英英解释

n.  one’s legal position or social considered in relation to other people

常见短语

social status (= an accepted or official position) 地位

social status=social position, especially in a social group

Examples

The success of her book has given her unexpected celebrity status.

的成功带来了意想不到的名

Wealth in the virtual world of games is a status symbol!

财富,在虚拟的游戏世界是身份的一种象征!

 4. make an impression on somebody 某人留下深刻印象

Example

He made quite an impression on the girls at the tennis club.

给网球俱部的女孩子留下了很好的印象。

first impression 第一印象

Example

Also, a great first impression can be important.

此外,良好的第一印象很重要。

5. personal

英汉解释

adj. 人的;私人的; 涉及私的

近义词private

反义词  impersonal

英英解释

 adj. of or for one person;private

常见短语

personal information 人信息

personal belongings 人物品

personal question 私人问题

personal opinion 人意

personal life  人生活

personal remark/comment 评论

personal computer 个人电脑

Examples

For example, someone may phone you to ask for your personal information.

例如,有人电话问你人信息。

These are my personal belongings.

这些是我的私人物品。

 6.proper 适合的

adj. 的;适合的;恰当的;

义词 rightsuitablesuited

义词  improper

英英解

adj. that fits, belongs or is suitable; fitting or appropriate

常见短语

proper job 合适的工作

proper meal 令人意的

proper place 合适的地方

proper noun专有名词; 专有名称;

Example

So, it is important to learn the proper way to greet people and make a good first impression.

所以,学习正确地与人们问候的方式和留下良好的第一印象是很重要的。


                                  Unit 2 The People in Your Life

 

1.talk to sbtalk with sb and talk at sb

talk to sb指一个人说另外的人听

talk with sb通常指双方一起交谈

talk at sb向(某人)大发议论

Examples:

⑴ She talks to her mother on the phone every week.

她每周都跟她的妈妈打电话。

⑵ What discussion? You weren’t talking to me, you were talking at me.

那是什么讨论呀?你那不是在跟我交谈,一直都是你在说,根本不容我说。

talk to sb 是非正式的说法

l The speaker is your friend

l The speaker is someone you don’t know very well, but what they have to say is informal.

相近短语speak to sb责备(某人),告诫(某人)

The manager promised that she would speak to the person responsible.

经理答应说她会告诫责任人的。

⑶ I talked with my friends this afternoon about our homework.

今天下午,我和我的朋友一起谈论作业。

 2. company

n. the state of being with someonesmall military unit; usually two or three platoons a band of people associated temporarily in some activity

伴侣;同伴,朋友;陪伴

近义词callercompanionshippartytroupe

Examples:

It was a long journey and I was grateful his company.

这是一个很长的旅行,我非常感谢有他能陪伴我。

I didn’t realize you had company.

我不知道你有伴。

A person is known by the company he keeps. 

近朱者赤,近墨者黑。

常见搭配

A)good company 好伙伴

You’ll like Sherman—he is good company.

你会喜欢舍曼的,他是个好伙伴。

B)keep sb company=to stay with someone so that they are not alone 与(某人)作伴

I’ll keep you company till the train comes.

火车到来之前我会一直陪伴你。

 3. bias 

n. a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation  a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric偏见

近义词diagonalpreconceptionprejudice

Examples:

The government has accused the media of bias.

政府指责新闻媒体有偏见。

There was clear evidence of a strong bias against her.

有明显的证据表明,她受到了严重的不公正待遇。

There has always been a slight bias in favor of employing arts graduates in the company.

该公司内部一直有点儿偏向雇用文科毕业生。

 4. relate to sb   理解(某人)

Example:

Many parents find it hard to relate to their children when they are teenagers.

很多父母感到,当孩子到了十几岁的时候,就很难理解他们了。

 5. circle of friends 朋友圈

close circle of friends较小的、比较私密的朋友圈

Example:

Everyone has his own close circle of friends.

每个人都有自己的朋友圈。

a wide circle of friends 交友很广

Example:

He has a wide circle of friends.

他有很多朋友。

enlarge one’s circle of friends扩大朋友圈

Example:

Jenny is trying to enlarge her circle of friends in China.

珍妮努力扩大自己在中国的朋友圈。

 6. boundary

noun  the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something;a line determining the limits of an area;the greatest possible degree of something;一般是指界限,它侧重于地图上可以标得出来的双方都尊重的边界

近义词region , extent , spectrum , territory , area

Example:

The river is the boundary between the two countries.

这条河是两国的分界线。

动词的搭配

set or mark boundaries设定或标记边界

Examples:

They marked the boundaries of the football fields.

他们画出了足球场地的边界。

Set boundaries that keep them safe. 

给他们划定安全活动区域。

 7. compliment

n. a remark that expresses praise or admiration of sb; 恭维话,赞扬话

Example:

I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.

当人们说我长得很像我母亲的时候,我觉得很高兴。

8. distance

n. the property created by the space between two objects or points; a distant region; size of the gap between two places; emotional distance

可以指距离、路程,但是在本篇文章里面distance是指人与人之间的距离。

I’ve tried being friendly, but she keeps her distance.

我一直向她示好,但她却一直与我保持着距离。

 

                               Unit 3 Eating in and Eating out


1.love  enjoy prefer

love中文意思是爱 喜爱 喜欢

Example:

We loved the food so muchespecially the fish dishes.

我们非常喜欢这些食物,尤其是那几盘鱼。

enjoy欣赏 享受 喜爱 使过得快活

Example:

He was a guy who enjoyed life to the full.

他是个尽情享受生活乐趣的人。

prefer的意思是更喜欢或者是愿意

Example:

Does he prefer a particular sort of music?

他更喜欢某种特别的音乐吗?

2. traditional food传统的食品

关于传统食品的两个短语

a traditional Chinese food一种中国的传统食品

eat traditional Chinese food吃传统的中国食品

Example:

I just don't get it why all the kids prefer western food to traditional food.

我就是不明白为什么孩子们都喜欢西方的食品

而不喜欢传统食物呢?

3.fast food快餐或者我们说是速食,比方说汉堡包、比萨饼、炸鸡等等

Example:

Many peopleespecially the youth and kids

 like fast foods very muchsome of them even declare fast food is more tasteful than Chinese food.

很多人,尤其是青年和孩子们喜欢快餐,他们中的一些人甚至宣称快餐要比中国的食物更加美味。

 4. balanced nutrition均衡的营养

   balanced diet营养均衡的食谱

Example:

If you have a balanced dietyou are getting all the vitamins you need.

如果你的饮食均衡,你就能获得所需的全部的维生素。

 5. treat

vt.to buy or pay for something for another person

指的是请客或者是款待

Examples:

Put your money away .I'm going to treat you( to this).

把钱收起来吧。(这次)我请你。

No ,you paid for dinner last time. This is my treat.

不,上次吃饭是你付的钱。这次我请客。


回复:

罗淑生

1楼 2018-05-11 11:12:19

笔记做的不错

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